Animal Welfare in Canada

Humane Society/SPCA
This generally refers to an organization dedicated to the betterment of animal welfare. They usually run a shelter and an animal adoption program to find new homes for abandoned, mistreated and/or surrendered animals. They also conduct education in their community and are often mandated to enforce provincial and federal animal cruelty laws.

Shelter
Refers to the physical building where animals are held when they are being put up for adoption. Usually run by an organization such as a humane society, SPCA or municipal animal services. Good shelters not only do comprehensive physical exams on all the animals that they receive, but they also do temperament testing to ensure that all animals available for adoption will be safe members of the community.

Rescue organization
This is an animal rescue organization that is usually run out of an individual’s home or by a network of individuals fostering animals until they are adopted. Some may concentrate on a certain breed of dog or cat.

Pound
This is a municipal animal shelter. Some municipalities contract their local humane society or SPCA to provide the pound service and some are run independently from the humane society. Pounds generally take in stray animals and keep them on average three business days to give owners a chance to claim their lost animals. Many pounds will then offer the animals for adoption.

Satellite Adoption Centre
A satellite adoption centre is a pet store or other location that does not sell cats and dogs, but instead displays cats and dogs that are available for adoption from a Humane Society, SPCA or rescue organization. Interested adopters must be approved under the same screening process that the shelter organization has in place for all the animals it adopts out.

Benefits of adopting from a reputable shelter or rescue organization

  • Adoption fees usually include spaying/neutering, micro-chipping, vaccinations and a full checkup by a vet. If you were to purchase each of these services yourself at a private vet clinic, you would likely spend up to $1,000 or more.
  • Extensive health and temperament testing is conducted to ensure the animals are physically and behaviourally ready for a new home.
  • These shelters have purebred animals and mixed breeds, as well as young, adolescent and older animals.
  • You are helping to reduce the pet overpopulation problem in your community by giving a home to an animal in need.

There is no such organization that oversees all animal shelters in Canada. However, there are national organizations who work with many shelters, and provincial organizations who do have local branches. CFHS does not oversee the policy or operations of its member organizations.

CFHS surveys animal shelters operated by humane societies and SPCAs across Canada on an annual basis. You can access the most recent reports here.

The Canadian Federation of Humane Societies doesn’t operate any spay or neuter clinics in Canada. However, there are a number of spay/neuter clinics across the country that offer these services, usually at a reduced cost. 

Typically, spay/neuter clinics are run by provincial animal welfare organizations, local animal shelters, rescue groups or by municipalities. 

In recent years, there has been an increased focus on the importance of spay/neuter and many organizations have expanded their spay/neuter initiatives to grow trap-neuter-release programs and introduce mobile spay/neuter clinics, which are mobile veterinary clinics that go on the road to provide spay/neuter surgeries in multiple communities. These mobile clinics reduce barriers that some people face in bringing their companion animal to a clinic.

Thanks to increases in government funding and organizational and charitable grants, low-cost spay/neuter is becoming increasingly accessible in communities across Canada. If you'd like to work with your municipality to create an accessible spay/neuter initiative for your community, go here to access our accessible spay/neuter toolkit.

Low-Cost Spay/Neuter Clinics in Canada:

The clinics below are those that are known to CFHS. The following should not be considered a comprehensive list — many new ones open up each year!

Alberta
City of Calgary No Cost Spay/Neuter Program
Alberta Animal Rescue Crew Society Spay Neuter Assistance Program (SNAP)
Alberta Spay Neuter Task Force
Edmonton Humane Society Prevent Another Litter Subsidy (PALS)
Meow Foundation Spay Neuter Assistance Program

British Columbia
Langley Animal Clinic
Prince George Spay/Neuter Clinic
Kamloops Spay/Neuter Clinic
Vancouver Animal Hospital
Victoria Cat Rescue Corps

Manitoba
Virden Pet Network
Funds Fur Friends Spay Neuter Incentive Program (SNIP)
Winnipeg Humane Society 

New Brunswick
Oromocto and Area SPCA - PAL Program
Oromocto and Area SPCA - SNAP/SNIP Program

Newfoundland
St. John’s Spay / Neuter Assistance Program
SPCA St. John’s

Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia SPCA Mobile Spay/Neuter Clinic

Ontario
City of Toronto Spay/Neuter Program
City of Ottawa Spay/Neuter Clinic
Fixed Fur Life
Toronto Humane Society
Ontario SPCA Centre Veterinary Hospital - Newmarket Location
Lincoln County Humane Society Animal Clinic
Marion Vernon Clinic
Windsor/Essex County Humane Society Veterinary Clinic

Prince Edward Island
SpayAid PEI

Quebec
City of Montreal Spay and Neuter Clinic

Saskatchewan
Regina Humane Society

Yukon
Government of Yukon - Animal Health Unit - Spay-Neuter Program



 

Frequently asked questions at Canadian Federation of Humane Societies
Animal Welfare in Canada
Home